EVAN VUCCI | AFP | fake images

The world will not be able to avoid exceeding the goal established in the Paris Climate Agreement 2015 limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels, according to Bill Gates.

billionaire philanthropist and Microsoft co-founder answered questions from Reddit users on Wednesday and a handful of questions revolved around climate change. Gates made his fortune launching the software company Microsoft, but has since launched the nuclear innovation firm TerraPower and an investment firm, revolutionary energyto support various innovations on climate change, and has written a book on climate change, How to avoid a climate disaster.

“The pace of innovation is really picking up even though we won’t meet current deadlines or avoid going past 1.5,” Gates wrote in response to a question about how well the world is responding to climate change.

Gates is not alone in his opinion. A report released in late October by the United Nations Environment Program found “There is no credible path to 1.5° Celsius in place.”

Gates also said trailing climate mitigation efforts “will slow down the progress we make to improve the human condition.” He pointed out that in some parts of the world more than 10% of children die before the age of five and more than 30% do not have enough to eat.

Despite Gates’ gloomy outlook, he also maintains a certain amount of optimism: “I still believe we can avoid a terrible outcome,” he said.

Watch the full CNBC interview with Breakthrough Energy founder Bill Gates

The advanced nuclear reactors that TerraPower is building use liquid sodium as a coolant and uranium as a fuel source.

“We are making excellent progress,” Gates said, while acknowledging that the The war in Ukraine has put a wrench in TerraPower’s plans because the reactors planned to operate with fuel coming from Russia and that relationship is no longer viable.

TerraPower’s first plant is slated for Wyoming and should be online by 2030, Gates said. “This can make a big contribution to climate challenges as it will be low cost and super safe,” Gates wrote.

Where the production of electricity is responsible for 27% of emissions, the cultivation of plants and animals is responsible for 19% of emissions, according to a Breakdown Gates provided in its own climate book.

Gates has endorsed several companies working to make meat-free meat products, including beyond the meat Y impossible foodshe told Reddit users. And he’s also endorsed Memphis Meats (which has since changed its name under the name food on the rise)Gates said, and that he takes cells from real animals and grows the products in laboratory settings.

“I think over time these products will be very good, although their share is small today,” Gates told Reddit. It’s important to innovate alternative ways of producing meat alternatives and climate-conscious ways because, “for people who want to go vegan, that’s great, but I don’t think most people will,” Gates said.

Beyond diet, Gates generally supports the view that creating cost-effective clean energy alternatives is the best way to combat climate change. “The key to climate is to make clean products as cheap as dirty products in all emission areas: airplanes, concrete, meat, etc,” Gates said on Reddit. “This is the only way we can ask every country in the world to change. If it costs much more, we won’t be successful.”

While innovation is the primary tool humans have to address climate change, according to Gates, everyone can contribute to mitigating the effects of climate change, he said.

“You are a voter, a consumer, a giver and a worker. In each of those roles you can help,” Gates wrote.

Buying an electric car is something people can do, as are the options to pay “a little more” to offset the emissions generated when you travel, which Gates does for all his emissions for himself and his family.

“We need support on climate from both parties in the US and in all countries,” Gates said. Also, “keeping hope is a good thing!”

How nuclear power is changing

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